Brazilian Hardwood 101 - Brazilian Oak

Brazilian Hardwood 101 - Brazilian Oak

Brazilian Oak

Our natural flooring and wall coverings leave our private manufacturing facility ready to be installed.


Couratari spp. is the scientific name for tauari, a wood with indistinct heartwood and sapwood with a color ranging from yellowish white to light yellowish-beige and moderate luster.

Brazilian oak hardwood is more commonly known as tauari in the amazon basin area of South America. This is not to be confused with Amendoim, which is sometimes referred to as Brazilian oak. Tauari is a species of tropical hardwood that is resistant to insects and damage from moisture. It can grow to an impressive 120 feet and have a diameter of 4 feet.

it is strikingly similar in color range to north American red oak. With wheat tonesand a bit of red, it's more affordable than its domestic counterparts, and many use it as an option for hardwood floors instead of American red oak.

The smell of the wood varies from barely perceptible to perceptible and the density of tauari is medium, as well as its texture. It is a soft wood to the cut.

Availability and Dimensions

Compared to other exotic Brazilian hardwoods, tauari is less available in North America than in South America. Brazilian cherries seem to be more available for export. Although not considered an endangered or protected species, it is difficult to obtain due to limited production in South America.

The species of the couratari genus are found mainly in the Amazon and in parts of Mato Grosso. They are trees with practically identical characteristics - straight, cylindrical trunk and smooth bark, with heights that vary between 29’5” and 52’5” - which is why the popular name tauari refers to all of them.

if you can find it, it's the same as most other parquet products. Available either prefabricated or unfinished. It is supplied with pre-milled 7-foot tongue and groove planks for the application of plywood subfloor nailing. It can also be used as a multi-layer flooring for adhesives in concrete slabs. The width is usually 2 1/4" to 5" and 3/4"thickness.

Hardness and Durability

Brazilian oak floors are rated at around 1,650 on yanka's rating chart. However, not all graphs are created the same, so there are some discrepancies. Basically, tauari is in the middle of hardness when it comes to flooring. Similar to golden teak, but 13% harder than North American oak. The overall shrinkage rate is 1.6%.

tauari flooring is stable and is considered a dent-resistant, wear-resistant surface. Often worn in normal traffic, it offers the best performance in residential applications. It weighs about 3 lbs. / SF and is relatively heavy. The density of tauari is like the density of maple.


Brazilian oak removes dirt well. The logs are shining moderately. Applying a clear sealer gives ita medium brown or golden color with a reddish tinge. It has a fine, medium texture and straight, uniform particles. It generally has no knots on hardwood floorboards. Brazilian oak is said to have a beech-like appearance. This hardwood is considered an excellent or carefully selected type of flooring.

Workability, Installation, and Maintenance

Brazilian oak, like many medium hardness hardwoods, can be easily worked with hand or power tools. Tauari flooring can be installed manually or with a pneumatic rivet. It can also be glued, especially veneer multi-layer boards. For a smooth floor finish, we recommend a professional mechanical grinder. It will hold stain well and can be sealed with acrylic or urethane sealers.

this flooring is maintained just like any other hardwood flooring. It needs to be swept and wiped clean periodically. Every 5 or so years it may need to be resealed. Every decade it will likely need to be sanded and resealed, depending on the amount of daily traffic it is subjected to.


Brazilian oak floors can be used for both commercial and residential applications. It's tough, hard, and durable. It is a little more suitable for housing equipment as it has not reached the upper limit of the hardness scale. This tropical flooring is an elegant, sophisticated, and warm shade.

Feb 17th 2022 Iago Martins - BTP

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